Gradient Border on Circular Button in React Native

Introduction

I will walk through adding a gradient border to a circular button in React Native. Here is a post on how to create a round button: Round Buttons in React Native

The final code will create a button that looks like this:

React Native circular button with gradient border.
React Native circular button with gradient border

Features

  • Dynamic border based on circle radius
  • Dynamic border with color gradient as a prop
  • Gradient is displayed over full button on click.

Walkthrough

Create a simple round button

As a starting point, here is code to create a round button:


import React from 'react';
import {View, StyleSheet, TouchableOpacity } from 'react-native';

export default class CircleButton extends React.Component {
  render(){
    let localStyles = styles(this.props)

    return (
      <View style={localStyles.container}>
        <TouchableOpacity
          activeOpacity={.8}
          style = {localStyles.button}
          onPress = {this.props.onPress}
        >
          {this.props.children}
        </TouchableOpacity>
      </View>
    )
  }
}

const styles = (props) => StyleSheet.create({
  container: {
    position: 'relative',
    zIndex: 0,
  },
  button: {
    backgroundColor: 'white',
    justifyContent: 'center',
    alignContent: 'center',
    borderWidth: 3,
    borderRadius: (props.circleDiameter / 2),
    width: props.circleDiameter,
    height: props.circleDiameter,
  },
});

And here is how to call it

//...other code

<CircleButton
  onPress = {() => props.addScore(1)}
  circleDiameter = {300}
>
  <Image source={ require('../assets/images/plus-1.png') }/>
</CircleButton>

//...other code

This code will generate a button that looks like this:

Circular button in React Native

Add gradient border

We will create 2 circles, one on top of the other. The background circle will be slightly larger and have the gradient applied. The circle in the foreground will be a solid color that will overlap the gradient one, except for on the edges, allowing the gradient to show through. Below is what the background circle looks like.

background circle

A couple of notes on the code

  • <LinearGradient> will apply the gradient, it is available in the expo-linear-gradient module. I haven’t tried it, but it appears you can use this module without Expo. Documentation can be found here: LinearGradient
  • The start and end props of the LinearGradient specify the angle of the gradient.
  • The colors specify the different colors to use, I like how 3 looks.
  • The size of the border is based on a ratio, and set in the gradientRatio function. I just played around with values to get something that I thought looked good.
  • We will reduce the size of the solid color circle based on the gradientRatio.
  • We remove the borderWidth from the button style because technically the button has no border now.
  • The margin of the solid color circle is equal to the half of the difference in circle sizes. This splits the size difference on all sides to center the circle.

import React from 'react';
import {View, StyleSheet, TouchableOpacity } from 'react-native';

import { LinearGradient } from "expo-linear-gradient";

export default class CircleButton extends React.Component {
  render(){
    let localStyles = styles(this.props)

    return (
      <View style={localStyles.container}>

        <LinearGradient
          start={[1, 0.5]}
          end={[0, 0]}
          colors={this.props.gradientColors}
          style={localStyles.linearGradient}
        >
          <TouchableOpacity
            activeOpacity={.8}
            style = {localStyles.button}
            onPress = {this.props.onPress}
          >
            {this.props.children}
          </TouchableOpacity>
        </LinearGradient>
      </View>
    )
  }
}

const gradientMargin = (circleDiameter) => {
  const ratio = (1 - gradientRatio(circleDiameter)) / 2

  return circleDiameter * ratio
}

const gradientRatio = (circleDiameter) => {
  if(circleDiameter < 100){
    return 0.88
  }else{
    return 0.96
  }
}

const styles = (props) => StyleSheet.create({
  container: {
    position: 'relative',
    zIndex: 0,
  },
  linearGradient: {
    borderRadius: props.circleDiameter / 2,
    width: props.circleDiameter,
    height: props.circleDiameter,
  },
  button: {
    margin: gradientMargin(props.circleDiameter),
    backgroundColor: 'white',
    justifyContent: 'center',
    alignContent: 'center',
    borderRadius: (props.circleDiameter / 2) * gradientRatio(props.circleDiameter),
    width: props.circleDiameter * gradientRatio(props.circleDiameter),
    height: props.circleDiameter * gradientRatio(props.circleDiameter),
  },
});

Now add the gradient prop to where we include the <CircleButton>

//...other code

<CircleButton
  onPress = {() => props.addScore(1)}
  circleDiameter = {300}
  gradientColors = {['#18acbb', '#e8ffe6', '#4abb0b']}
>
  <Image source={ require('../assets/images/plus-1.png') } />
</CircleButton>

//...other code

The resulting button looks like this:

Circle Button with Gradient Border


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